Facility Physical Security is the security measures that are designed and deployed to deny or deter unauthorized access to facilities, and serve as a critical component to the security of a facility. Whether that facility operates as a port, refinery, or office building, sound physical security measures are required to protect personnel and property from damage or harm. Threats can take many forms, and can range from theft, espionage, or a terrorist attack. Physical security practices are based on designing and having multiple layers of protection, known as protection in depth. A bad actor would have to defeat each layer to reach the protected area.
These layers can include perimeter fencing, lighting, CCTV surveillance, security guards, protective barriers, access control, bollards, perimeter intrusion detection, deterrent systems, and other systems designed to protect persons and property. Although not tangible, robust processes such as package and material delivery protocols, guest escort protocols, and an employee awareness program can further strengthen a facilities overall physical security program.